Welcome to the Seven Horticultural Principles of Landscape Planning
1: Landscape Design and Proper Planning
Welcome to the Landscape Design and Proper Planning section of our Water-Efficient Landscape Guide. This section addresses the first of the seven horticultural principles for a successful, water-efficient landscape. Whether you are redesigning an existing yard, or starting from scratch, good planning and water-efficiency are vital to a healthy and sustainable landscape in our high-desert climate. During the summer months, we use four times the amount of water than we do during winter due to outside irrigation. With an average annual rainfall of seven inches, we encourage responsible water use at all times.
2: Planning an Efficient Irrigation System
An irrigation system can be tricky to design and install, even with experience. Many local nurseries and building supply centers offer design services or classes to help you design your own. In a water-efficient yard, sprinklers are used to irrigate turf areas, which are potentially the most water-intensive part of your landscape, while drip irrigation systems are recommended for trees, shrubs and flowers. Be sure to plan your irrigation system based on water zones.
Tree & Plant Search Tool
Use our search tool to Explore TMWA's database of trees, shrubs and ground covers by categoryBEGIN SEARCH
Recommended Tree List
Choose the right tree to ensure the long term health of the tree and of our community forest.SEE GUIDES
Buying a Tree
Learn about the three types of tree stocks and the things to look for in a quality tree.LEARN MORE
4 & 5: Soil Improvement & Mulching
6 & 7: Planting & Maintenance
b: Shrubs, Ground Covers and Flowers
We have gathered a list of some of the most common tree questions answered for TMWA customers by a Certified Arborist. From pruning to distressed trees, you can probably find your answer here.VIEW FAQs
Take the time to experience the UNR Arboretum with one of their tree walks.SEE GUIDES
Idlewild Park Trees
Take a self-guided walking tour of Reno’s arboretum in Idlewild Park.DOWNLOAD TOUR
TMWA's Landscape Guide
Browse a selection of plants that grow well in our climate and see guidance on how to care for your plants.
Landscaping & Tree Care
Get the tools to form the right plan for your yard to achieve the landscape you desire, while using water responsibly.
Seasonal Tree Care Guide
Once known as the City of Trembling Leaves, Reno is now losing its tree canopy at an alarming rate. TMWA cares about the trees that help make Reno, Sparks and Washoe County a great place to live and work. Our trees – just like our roads, power lines and other infrastructure – provide many benefits to our quality of life. Trees are a great investment!Learn More
The Tree Benefits Calculator
Calculate the annual economic and ecologic benefits of your trees using this tool developed by Casey Trees and Davey Tree Experts.Tree Calculator